This week, we started Volume III of The Mystery of History, our chosen history curriculum for the past few years. We just love it. It is Christ-centered because history is HIS story (note the cross in the title of the book). For our first lesson in this text, we learned about "The Wars of the Roses."
In our text, we reviewed English history up to the time period of the Wars of the Roses, understanding that England was made up of large groups of ruling families, the House of York, represented by a white rose ...
... and the House of Lancaster, represented by a red rose.
To give you some background on this historic event, the Wars of the Roses was the 30-year clash between these two houses over who would rule over England. The uproar started when the House of York decided to take action against the throne of Henry VI of Lancaster, because he was troubled by mental issues and was not ruling effectively. During this time, the Tower of London was often used to imprison different members of royalty of both houses to keep rebellion under control.
After reading from the text (pages 5-9), we also looked at pages 248-249 of The Usborne Encyclopedia of World History, entitled, "The Wars of the Roses."
We love adding reading from this book to most of our history lessons because the images are so helpful in tying it all together.
For example, on page 249 is this image of a painting of the young princes of York, the sons of Edward IV who died unexpectedly, making them the rightful heirs to the throne. Sadly, their evil uncle (Richard) had them sent to the Tower of London so he could become king instead. He did and was crowned King Richard III of England. The boys were never seen or heard from again. Many believe they were murdered there, as bones were found in a stairwell in the tower that would have matched theirs.
We read more about the Tower of London on page 9 of Usborne's See Inside Famous Buildings book.
These books are great, with all the fun flaps hiding additional facts.
For example, this flap shows the fact that skeletons have been found in the Tower, perhaps those belonging to the princes of York.
The Wars of the Roses came to an end in 1485, when Henry VII made peace by combining the two houses under one, the House of Tudor, represented by a two-color rose, bearing both red and white.
To help keep the peace, he created a unique group of bodyguards called the Yeoman Warders, more commonly known as "Beefeaters."
Maggie was excited to discover that one of the dolls her grandmother brought her back from England was a "Beefeater!"