We had one last week before our family vacation to Seattle and I decided to cover a few things beforehand that Maggie might see on our trip so that she would be familiar with it. For those of you who don't know, Seattle was named after Chief Seattle (derived from the modern Duwamish spelling Si'ahl), a chief of the Duwamish tribe. (Here is his picture.) He is known for accommodating white settlers, hence the naming of this great city after him. (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_Seattle for more information on him.)
Chief Seattle was born on or near Blake Island, and one of the excursions we'll be taking on our trip is a tour cruise to Blake Island, now the home of Tillicum Village. The cruise features a cultural Native American experience with a traditional salmon bake in a longhouse, and traditional storytelling and dancing. We are very excited about it, but I wanted Maggie to have more information before we got there.
I have acquired some of these great Evan-Moor History Pockets, in particular this one, Native Americans, and decided it would be a perfect resource for teaching about the Northwest Native Americans. (Also, it would be good practice for when we use History Pockets a lot throughout the year.) The book doesn't feature the Duwamish tribe, but it does feature the Tlingit tribe, also of the Northwest, which has very similar practices and culture. So, here is our venture into some Native American history!
First, we read the fact sheet inside the Evan-Moor book about the Tlingit tribe, then moved on to make our first History Pocket and label. (Each tribe we learn about will get its own pocket, then all of them will be bound as a book.)
... and this Tlingit tale, The Wave of Sea-Wolf by David Wisniewski.
(Here is a picture from that book, where we observed the canoes and the tribesmen wearing their Chilkat robes and potlatch hats.
We then read another Tlingit tale, How Raven Brought Light to People, retold by Ann Dixon.
And here is some artwork from that book, again showing the Chilkat robe and potlatch hat on this chief ...
... and on this one.
We continued our study by making this Potlatch Mask out of the Evan-Moor book. First, we colored it.
Once colored, we cut it out, adhered it onto black cardstock (which we trimmed as well), then, finally, we punched holes into the bottom and added pieces of raffia!
To illustrate some of the art of the Tlingit, I found this awesome "Paper Piecing Craft" at http://www.thecraftyclassroom.com/CraftIndianTlingitPaperPiecing.html, using their whale template, different colors of construction paper (we used black, white, blue, green, red, and tan to simulate some of the colors the Tlingit used in their art), sharp scissors, and glue. (You will also need a pencil for tracing.)
First, we researched some of the thing that would have been brought to a Tlingit potlatch.
Then, we had some of those items for a snack (popcorn, sunflower seeds, and herbal tea)!
The Tlingit lived in plank houses, but for our Tillicum Village excursion, we'll be eating salmon in a longhouse, so I borrowed this idea for a longhouse from the Hands-On Heritage: Native Americans Activity Book. (I decided, however, to use plain construction paper instead of the suggested tagboard. I used 2 long sheets of brown paper, scissors, glue, and some tape for reinforcing.) For the first step (as you can see below), I cut an end off of one of the sheets of paper (about six inches wide) and folded the edges up, to serve as the floor/base of our longhouse.
Here's our longhouse, now guarded! :)
... and Carving a Totem Pole by Vickie Jensen.
We then completed the totem pole flip book from our Evan-Moor book, which stacks different animals on top of one another to make a totem, but under each flap, we wrote which member of our family was like that particular animal and why. (We had learned through our reading that different animals on totem poles represent different family members and stories about that family's history.) Maggie said, "Daddy is the whale because he's strong and nice." Sweet girl.
We then made the totem craft as seen at http://www.teachervision.fen.com/native-american-history/printable/7224.html, using their template, colored pencils, a paper towel tube, scissors, and glue. First, we read about each animal that would be on the totem, then colored them with our colored pencils.
Once colored, they were cut out, glued, and adhered to our paper towel tube to make our very own miniature totem pole!
And it's to scale with our longhouse!
Once our study of totem poles was complete, we set out to learn more about salmon by reading Salmon by Deborah Hodge ...
... The Life Cycle of a Salmon by Lisa Trumbauer ...
... and Learning About Life Cycles: The Life Cycle of a Salmon by Ruth Thomson.
We then watched this great video of salmon swimming upstream and laying eggs! (We hope to also see this on our visit to Seattle when we visit the Chittenden Fish Locks. It's that time of year!)
And then we watched this cool video to see salmon eggs hatching! (Maggie thought it was a hoot, with the funky music!)
After that, we read a couple of fictional tales with salmon: The Old Man and the Bear by Wolfram Hanel ...
... and A Little Salmon for Witness by Vashanti Rahaman.
Once our reading was complete, we did this maze featuring a salmon, making his way upstream (out of our Mazes workbook) ...
... and got ready for more crafting! I found this really neat "Upstream Salmon Art Project" at http://www.deepspacesparkle.com/2010/04/27/upstream-salmon-art-project-for/, using a bright orange piece of paper, a bright sky blue piece of paper (I used scrapbooking paper), a black marker(the site called for an oil pastel but I didn't have any), silver and gold metallic Sharpies (they're new!), a paintbrush, white paint, scissors, and glue.
I think we're ready now for some exploring in Seattle! See you soon and happy homeschooling!